Growing and Using Tomatoes
Few things say ‘summer’ more deliciously than a warm freshly-picked tomato straight from the bush.
Tomatoes are one of the most popular fruits with gardeners: simple to grow, tomatoes are relatively resistant to disease, produce an excellent crop and, home-grown, taste far better than the average commercially-produced varieties.
Tomatoes flourish best in fertile soil and they appreciate lots of warmth. In a poor summer you can still get a good crop, which will be useful for tomato sauces, but without the heat of the sun tomatoes just don’t have the same sweetness and flavour.
Which variety?You can choose from indoor and outdoor varieties, and between beefsteak, normal and cherry tomatoes. Some are more disease and bug-resistant while others offer more flavour. There are the traditional tall-growing tomatoes or you can choose from a selection of bush and dwarf varieties. It depends on how much space and what conditions you have.
Some of the most popular varieties of tomato that you’re likely to find on sale in garden centres include Alicante and Moneymaker, which have been in favour for many years for their reliability and good cropping. The tastier cherry varieties Gardener’s Delight and the orange-coloured Sungold have come into their own more recently.
If you want to grow a specific tomato from seed you’ll probably need to visit the websites of nurseries.
Starting to grow tomatoesIf you start early in the season and plan ahead you can grow tomatoes from seed; if you leave it a bit late you can still buy plants from garden centres and grow from those.
Sow seeds indoors from mid-March to late April, planting a few seeds just below the soil surface in a small pot. Use a good seed potting compost.
- Tomato seeds are usually fairly reliable but plant a few more seeds than the number of plants you want to end up with to allow for non-germination.
Cover the pot loosely with clingfilm, stand the pot in a saucer of water and keep in a warm place.
- A propagator is ideal for germination as it provides mini-greenhouse conditions. Simple propagators are available cheaply from any garden centre.
The first two leaves that appear aren’t true leaves so wait until the next set of leaves have grown before you carefully transplant the seedlings into their own pots. As they grow you can transplant them into bigger pots if necessary until the first flowers have appeared. Then it’s time for them to be in their final position.
- If it’s getting late in the season and no flowers have appeared, plant in final position anyway in case the plant has become rootbound.
Tomato fruitsWhen the first fruits begin to appear it’s time to start feeding them with a specific high potash tomato food. Best results are achieved when the tomato plant is kept watered and is in a warm, sunny, light, position.
Watch out for:
- over-watering or you may end up with the dreaded blossom end rot;
- over-exposure to fierce sunshine while the fruits are ripening – you may need to provide some shade;
- side-shoots, which on tall-growing plants should be picked out to allow only one main stem to grow. It’s not necessary to pick out side-shoots on dwarf varieties.